The Froebel Archive for Childhood Studies, originally known as the Froebel Early Childhood Collection, was retained by the Froebel Educational Institute in the 1970s when the main library collection of Froebel Institute College was transferred to the ownership of Roehampton University. At its core was a collection of books, artefacts and other material donated by Joachim Liebschner relating to Friedrich Froebel (1782-1852). This comprised first the Froebel 'Gifts' and the Montessori apparatus, which he used to demonstrate to students the difference in approach of the two systems – Froebel's being creative and play-based, while Montessori's was 'right-or-wrong' and not play-based. In addition Joachim Liebschner collected further material from East Berlin, the USA and elsewhere, including from other Froebel Colleges in England which were closing in the 1970s as a result of government reorganisation of teacher education. Over 40 years or so the 'collection' has expanded through regular purchases and donations, and is now a unique resource not only for students of the Froebel movement but for all scholars interested in the study of early childhood education and related topics. It was managed by Froebel College until 2007, when its management was transferred to Roehampton University.